Law Office Of Steve Schneider & Associates

Victim Protections

Personal Protection Orders (PPOs) are issued by a court to order domestic or sexual abusers or stalkers not to harass, threaten, follow, or harm the victims. It is a crime to violate a protection order, and the person who disobeys the order may go to jail.

Local and campus police departments enforce protection orders (including orders issued by a judge in another state), if they have a copy of the order. Victims should carry a copy of the order with them at all times.

Once the victim requests a PPO, the alleged abuser may request a court hearing, which must be held within 14 days. If the court grants the PPO (with or without a hearing), it usually lasts about six months, but can be extended

Domestic Violence

Domestic violence involves abuse between two people who have:

  • married, dated, or lived together
  • engaged in a sexual relationship
  • a child in common

Domestic violence is punishable by up to 93 days in jail and a $500 fine, with increasing penalties for repeat violations, or if the crime involves the use of a weapon or intent to cause serious injury or death.

Abusive conduct includes:

  • sexual assault
  • stalking
  • actual or attempted physical or mental harm
  • causing fear of physical or mental harm
  • economic coercion and other controlling behaviors


Stalking is a pattern of conduct that causes the target to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested.

It occurs when someone repeatedly and without consent:

  • approaches, follows, or appears within the target's sight
  • confronts the target or threatens the personal safety of the target or the target's family
  • enters or delivers an object to the target's residence or workplace
  • contacts the target by telephone, email, or electronic communication

Stalking is punishable by up to one year's imprisonment and a $1,000 fine. A repeat stalking conviction, stalking that violates a protective order, or that involves physical threats, is punishable by up to five years' imprisonment and a $10,000 fine.